Advanced Steel Construction

Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 13-19 (2020)





Feng Yu 1, Chi Yao 1, Yi Hu 2, Yuan Fang 1, *, Kang Niu 1 and Guo-sheng Xiang 1

1 Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Anhui University of Technology, Ma’anshan, China

2 China MCC 17 Group Co., Ltd, Ma’anshan, China

*(Corresponding author: E-mail:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Received: 12 April 2019; Revised: 06 September 2019; Accepted: 14 September 2019




View Article   Export Citation: Plain Text | RIS | Endnote


The axial compressive behavior of self-stressing steel slag aggregate concrete filled steel tubular (CFST) columns with bond-slip damage is investigated in this paper. Six bond-slip damaged specimens and two undamaged specimens with different diameter-thickness ratios and expansion ratios are tested. According to the test, the outward deformation dominates the failure of the axial loaded bond-slip damaged specimens. The ultimate bearing capacity is lower with higher diameter-thickness ratio, while the increase of the expansion ratio will bring benefits to bond-slip damaged specimens. The bond-slip damage has a little influence on the ultimate capacity. The ultimate displacement will be decreased by increasing the diameter-thickness ratio. The effect of expansion ratio on the longitudinal displacement is not obvious. The stiffness degradation can be mitigated by raising the expansion ratio. The ultimate axial and circumferential strains increase as the expansion ratio increases while they decease with the diameter-thickness ratio of bond-slip damaged specimens increasing. In addition, the accuracy of existing CFST design specifications for predicting the strength of bond-slip damaged specimens is evaluated.



CFST, Slag, Expansion ratio, Diameter-thickness ratio, Ultimate bearing capacity, Stress-strain curve


[1] Jiang Y., Ling T.C., Shi C.J. and Pan S.Y., “Characteristics of steel slags and their use in cement and concrete—a review”, Resources Conservation and Recycling, 136, 187-197, 2018.

[2] Mayes W.M., Younger P.L. and Aumônier J., “Hydrogeochemistry of alkaline steel slag leachates in the uk”, Water Air and Soil Pollution, 195(1-4), 35-50, 2008.

[3] Roslan N.H., Ismail M., Abdulmajid Z., Ghoreishiamiri S. and Muhammad B., “Performance of steel slag and steel sludge in concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, 104, 16-24, 2016.

[4] Saxena S. and Tembhurkar A.R., “Impact of use of steel slag as coarse aggregate and wastewater on fresh and hardened properties of concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, 165, 126-137, 2018.

[5] Han F. and Zhang Z., “Properties of 5-year-old concrete containing steel slag powder”, Powder Technology, 334, 27-35, 2018.

[6] Santamaría A., Orbe A. and José JTS., “A study on the durability of structural concrete incorporating electric steelmaking slags”, Construction and Building Materials, 161, 94-111, 2018.

[7] Wang Q., Wang D. and Zhuang S., “The soundness of steel slag with different free CaO and MgO contents”, Construction and Building Materials, 151, 138-146, 2017.

[8] Shanahan N. and Markandeya A., “Influence of slag composition on cracking potential of slag-portland cement concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, 164, 820-829, 2018.

[9] Pang B., Zhou Z. and Xu H., “Utilization of carbonated and granulated steel slag aggregate in concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, 84, 454-467, 2015.

[10] Liu J. and Wang D., “Influence of steel slag-silica fume composite mineral admixture on the properties of concrete”, Powder Technology, 320, 230-238, 2017.

[11] Han L.H., Li W. and Bjorhovde R., “Developments and advanced applications of concrete- filled steel tubular (CFST) structures: members”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 100, 211-228, 2014.

[12] Shi Y.L., Wang Y.W. and Wang W.D., “Analytical behavior of concrete-filled steel tubular stub column with interal steel reinforced under axial compression”, Earthquake Resistant Engineering & Retrofitting,chain, 2013.

[13] Chen J., Wang J. and Li W., “Experimental behaviour of reinforced concrete-filled steel tubes under eccentric tension”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 136, 91-100, 2017.

[14] Zhou T., Jia Y., Xu M., Wang X. and Chen Z., “Experimental study on the seismic perfor-mance of L-shaped column composed of concrete-filled steel tubes frame structures”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 114, 77-88, 2015.

[15] Chen Y., Feng R., Shao Y. and Zhang X., “Bond-slip behaviour of concrete-filled stainless steel circular hollow section tubes” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 130, 248-263, 2017.

[16] Tomii M., “Bond Check for Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Columns”, Composite & Mixed Construction, ASCE, 2015.

[17] Tao Z., Song T.Y., Uy B. and Han L.H., “Bond behavior in concrete-filled steel tubes”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 120, 81-93, 2016.

[18] Ferhoune N., “Experimental behaviour of cold-formed steel welded tube filled with con-crete made of crushed crystallized slag subjected to eccentric load”, Thin-Walled Structures, 80(1), 159-166, 2014.

[19] Zeghiche, N. F. J., Numerical analysis of cold-formed steel welded tube filled with, con-crete made of crystallized slag aggregate. International Journal of Applied Electromagnet-ics & Mechanics, 16(1), 112, 2014.

[20] Wei J.G., Huang F.Y. and Chen B.C., “Research on the influence of initial stress to ultimate load carrying capacity of concrete filled steel tubular (single tube) arches”, Engineering Mechanics, 27(7), 103-112, 2010.

[21] Xiong D.X., Zha X.X., “A numerical investigation on the behaviour of concrete-filled steel tubular columns under initial stresses”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 63(5), 599-611, 2007.

[22] Hu J.L., Yan Q.S., Yu X.L. and Zheng H.B., “Ultimate bearing capacity analysis of con-crete filled steel tubular arch considering the initial defects’ influence”, Advanced Materi-als Research, 446-449, 1248-1251, 2012.

[23] Standard Test Method for Long-term and Durability of Ordinary Concrete Use of GB/T50082-2009., Architecture and Building Press, Beijing, China, 2009.

[24] Method of Tensile Test at Room Temperature Use of GB/T228-2010., Architecture and Building Press, Beijing, China, 2010.

[25] Technical Code for Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Structures Use of GB50936-2014., the Ministry of housing and urban-rural development of the people’s republic of China, Beijing, China, 2014.

[26] Design Method for Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Structures., the Japan institute of archi-tecture, Japan, 1997.

[27] Specification for Structural Steel Buildings (ANSI/AISC-360-16)., Chicago, Illinois, American: AISC Committee, 2016.

[28] Design of Composite Steel and Concrete Structures., European Committee for Standardiza-tion, European, 2004.